Originating in Holland in the early 20th century, the Welsummer chicken is part of the elite class of birds that lay a chocolate egg. Welsummers were originally created by crossing Partridge varieties of Cochins, Wyandottes, Leghorns, Barnvelders, & Rhode Island Reds. This Dutch breed of chicken has similar characteristics to many other popular layers, such as hardiness, excellent egg laying ability, dual purpose (meat and utility), and beautiful plumage.
Welsummers are known for laying a beautiful chocolate egg. The eggs can also be speckled, which really sets them apart from other dark egg laying breeds. Our line of Welsummers consist of birds that originated from Dutch Lines and Sandhill Preservation. They can be extremely cold hardy, laying fairly regularly throughout winter during their prime laying years.
Welsummers fall into the light breed category, although they still have a decent size, with substance to their build. Males should exhibit large upright straight combs, which may need to be protected from the elements in the winter to avoid frostbite. Males have a lovely red bay coloration with a beautiful lustrous green sheen in the tail. Hens exhibit feathers with a beautiful brown color with grey shading.
Welsummers are an accepted breed in the American Poultry Association. They were admitted in 1991 into the Continental category. Bantam varieties exist as well, but have proven difficult to find.